Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.
Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. With time, bacteria can spread and grow below the gum line, the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. As the disease progresses, more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.
How Do We Treat Periodontal (gum) Diseases?
Following are some of the procedures to treat patients diagnosed with a periodontal (gum) disease.
AAP treatment guidelines stress that periodontal health should be achieved in the least invasive and most cost-effective manner. This is often accomplished through non-surgical periodontal treatment, including scaling and root planing (a careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus [tartar] from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins), followed by adjunctive therapy such as local delivery antimicrobials and host modulation, as needed on a case-by-case basis.
Many patients do not require any further active treatment, including surgical therapy. However, the majority of patients will require ongoing maintenance therapy to sustain health. Non-surgical therapy has its limitations, however, and when it does not achieve periodontal health, surgery may be indicated.
Periodontal surgery is necessary when the tissue around your teeth remains infected after non-surgical treatment.
If you’ve already lost a tooth to periodontal disease or other reasons, you may be interested in dental implants, which is the permanent tooth replacement option.
In addition to procedures to treat periodontal disease, Dr. Mobilia also performs cosmetic procedures to enhance your smile. Oftentimes, patients who pursue cosmetic procedures notice improved function as well.
Cosmetic procedures include:
Soft Tissue Grafts
Please contact us for more information (909) 987 5522